Maltese Puppy Care Sheet
Bland, VA 24315
Bringing home a puppy can be a fun, exciting, and overwhelming experience, for both you and your puppy. Preparing for the homecoming in advance, plus understanding what your puppy really needs will go a long way towards helping your new puppy to become a happy, well-behaved member of your family.
Bringing Your Puppy Home : Before You Bring Puppy Home Make certain your house has been puppy-proofed. Pick up anything small enough to be swallowed, and remove anything you would prefer the puppy not chew. Puppies chew, it is a natural and necessary part of puppyhood. Prevention is the best way to protect both your puppy and your possessions. Decide where to put the puppy’s crate, food and water dishes, and toys. You’ll want to focus on your new puppy once you bring it home, not on where you want things to go. Have a supply of good quality puppy food on hand (we use Wellness Complete Health Natural Dry Small Breed Puppy Food, Turkey, Salmon & Oatmeal.) You can purchase this food at most pet stores, Amazon, chewy.com, Wal-Mart, and Tractor Supply. Have the name and phone number of a local vet. If possible, have an appointment already made for a new puppy checkup. We require you to have your puppy taken to the vet within 72 hours after you receive your new pet to make sure your pet is in good health & to help you get good advice about what canine vitamin supplements would help your pet grow properly.
Transporting Your Puppy: The safest way to bring your puppy home is in a travel crate or kennel, not in your lap, tempting though that may be. Line the floor of the crate with an absorbent towel, since many puppies may experience motion sickness. Secure the kennel with a seatbelt, so that movement is kept to a minimum. Although everyone else in the car will be excited, your puppy may be scared and confused. Constantly reassuring him may lead the puppy to believe that there really is something to be afraid of. Instead, talk to him in a gentle, upbeat voice, as if this were an everyday occurrence.
Signs of a Healthy Animal: Active, alert, and sociable, Eats and drinks regularly, Clean fur, Walks normally, Clear eyes and nose, No bald patches
Common Health Issues, symptoms, & what to do: Diarrhea, Loose stools caused by poor diet, a sudden change in diet, stress, or other illness, Consult with a veterinarian to determine cause and treatment. Keep vaccinations current. Mites, fleas, ticks, External parasites; cause itching, loss of hair, certain diseases, Contact a veterinarian for treatment. Red Flags: Missing fur, Diarrhea or dirty bottom, Uneven gait, Distressed breathing, Eye or nasal discharge, Weight loss, Lethargic, Excessive thirst. If you notice any of these signs, please contact your veterinarian.
Vaccination & Worming: Your puppy has been fully vet checked and is up-to-date on all shots and deworming. Please see your vet records for shots that were given to your puppy. Your puppy will need more vaccinations soon. Here is a link to a website where you can find out more information on vaccination schedules & vaccination recommendations for your puppy. Once you get to the site do a search on “puppy vaccination schedule” http://www.peteducation.com
Your puppy has been wormed every 2 weeks starting at 4 weeks and will continue to be wormed every 2 weeks until day of delivery. You must continue to worm your puppy as your vet recommends. Your puppy has been wormed with Strongid Oral Liquid Dog Wormer up to 8 weeks old. This is an oral pyrantel pamoate liquid also known as Strongid for removal of roundworms and hookworms in dogs and puppies.
Starting at 8 weeks old we will switch his/her wormer medicine so that it will work on many other types of worms. We use Panacur Dewormer liquid for Dogs starting at 8 weeks and continue deworming up to 12 weeks of age. Panacur treats: Roundworms, Hookworms, Whip, Tapeworms, & Giardia. SAFE-GUARD 10% – 100 mg PER ML. Panacur Dewormer contains fenbendazole. Fenbendazole Suspension (common name Panacur®, Safe Guard®) Fenbendazole is a broad spectrum benzimidazole anthelmintic used against gastrointestinal parasites including: giardia, roundworms, hookworms, whipworms, the taenia species of tapeworms, pinworms, It comes in a palatable white suspension. Available in 125 ml, and 1000 ml sizes. Safe-Guard can be purchased without a prescription. We do buy all our wormer from our Vet. You may buy both wormers from your vet, pet stores, feed stores, or online. SAFETY: Fenbendazole is very safe. Doses up to 100 times the recommended dose of 20 mg per pound are tolerated without serious side effects. It is also safe for use with pregnant and lactating dogs as well. ORAL DOSAGE SYRINGE SIZES NEEDED: For an accurate dosage use a 1 mL/cc syringe for Puppies UNDER 5 LBS and a 3 mL/cc or 5 ml/cc syringe for medium size Adults. For Dogs over 45 lbs use a 10 or 20 mL oral dosage syringe. Repeat daily for 3 consecutive days. 1 ml. EQUALS 1 cc. You can purchase both the dewormers online at: http://www.valleyvet.com/ and search for each product in their keyword search.
Growth & Social Development: As a toy-sized breed, Maltese growth stages typically span 14-15 months from birth to full maturity. Physical Development: Maltese puppies grow steadily in height and length for the first six months or so, then those growth rates slow while the adolescent "fills out" with a bit of muscle and fat. And when do Maltese puppies stop growing? These dogs reach their adult size (an average of nine inches in height and six pounds in weight) at 8-9 months of age. These pups reach adolescence at 4-5 months, sexual maturity at about eight months, and full mental maturity by 14 months. For more info on Maltese development stages and milestones, see the following:
10-14 Days-Eyes/ears open, begins walking; 6-7 Weeks-Old enough to be separated from mother, housetrained, introduced to solid food; 10-11 Weeks- Can begin exercising; vaccinations/de-worming needed; 4-5 Months- Adult coat growing in; adolescence begins, characterized by increased independence, fear, disobedience; training/socialization important during this period; 8 Months - Sexual maturity; can be transitioned to adult food; can begin "adult" exercise regimen; 14 Months+ Adulthood
Maltese Exercise Needs: Though these dogs are lively and energetic, they're very small--so Maltese exercise needs aren't very extensive. Breed members will fulfill a lot of their daily activity requirements just running around being their friendly selves, but they'll still benefit from a short walk or two, and perhaps a brief period of play, each day. Specifically how much exercise does a Maltese need daily? In short, not much. The typical adult Maltese will only need about 30 minutes of proper exercise on a daily basis. And you can start exercising Maltese puppies at 3-4 months old by taking them on very short (2- to 3-minute) walks, then you can increase the distance some as the pups grow. A few precautions to observe: first, don't exercise your Maltese puppy too hard (not too much running, jumping, or stairs) before the age of eight months, as the pup's bones and joints are still developing. It's also good to leash your Maltese when in public. These dogs are extremely friendly, and will quickly run off in search of new playmates unless controlled by a leash. Maltese will also need companionship during exercise. They suffer separation anxiety if left alone, and will be more likely to perform exercises if accompanied by one of their people! And finally: These dogs get cold easily, so it's best not to take them outside in chilly weather. Safeguards aside, it's good to exercise your Maltese every day. If bored or restless, these dogs will be unhappy--so consistent daily activity will be good for both dogs and owners alike. When indoors, it's good to give your Maltese access to balls or toys that allow the dog to burn excess energy. You can also establish a regular exercise schedule for the dog, such as walks after breakfast and dinner and a play period in the afternoon. A few Maltese exercise ideas: Walking: Two 10-minute walks per day is a good target; Hide-and-Seek: Good indoor activity; give the dog a treat when it finds you; Dog Park: If properly socialized, Maltese enjoy the company of other dogs; use a leash to avoid confrontations; Laser Pointer: These dogs usually go nuts chasing that "little red dot"
Maltese Maintenance: In terms of shedding and drooling, these dogs don't need much care. Maltese shedding is minimal, and drooling isn't an issue. Maltese have long, straight, silky white coats that don't have an undercoat. To the question "Does a Maltese dog shed a lot?" the short answer is no. Maltese dogs shed very lightly--but since the hair is long and white, the shed shows up more easily than that of shorter- and darker-haired dogs. Owners won't have to clean up much hair, but they will have to brush and bathe their Maltese often to keep those luxurious white coats looking good. A Maltese also drools minimally, if at all. If your Maltese is drooling excessively, it might be because of a medical issue, in which case a veterinarian's care is needed.
Maltese Diet: Like every breed, the Maltese diet will need to include animal proteins and carbohydrates for energy, vitamins and minerals for digestive and immune health, and omega fatty acids for coat and skin wellness. This means the best Maltese dog food is premium dry kibble, as it contains balanced portions of the above-listed ingredients. Even so, there are a couple of reasons that "traditional" Maltese food may not be appetizing to your furry white friend: these dogs have pretty delicate digestive systems, which makes them picky eaters--and like other small breeds, they're highly prone to dental problems. This means that even if you feed them high-quality dry food (like Royal Canin), Maltese dogs may not eat it--either because it upsets their stomach, or their bad teeth have trouble chewing it (or both). If this occurs, owners can experiment with different food for their Maltese by trying different flavors and textures; eventually they'll find their Maltese favorite food. (It's also good to brush a Maltese's teeth 3-4 times per week to keep them clean and healthy.) And specifically, how much should a Maltese eat? And how often? Typical adult Maltese food portions are very small: only ½ cup of premium dry food per day, divided into two meals. Maltese puppy food portions aren't much different: about 0.4 cups per day, divided into three meals per day (not two) until five months old. For more info on proper Maltese eating habits from puppyhood through maturity, see this feeding chart:
Maltese Feeding Chart: 6-7 Weeks, Weight- >1 lb Dry (Puppy formula), 3-4 pieces, 3x/day; 10-11 Weeks, weight -1.5 lbs, Dry, 6-8 pieces, 3x/day; 5 Months, weight-3 lbs, Dry, 0.15 cups, 3x/day; *8 Months, weight-5 lbs,Dry* (Puppy/Adult), 0.25 cups, 2x/day (*--Around this time, transition to adult food by first mixing in a bit of adult formula with the puppy formula. Over the course of a week, with each meal add a little more adult food to the mixture, until the dog is eating it entirely.; 10 Months+, weight 6 lbs or less, Dry (Adult formula), 0.25 cups, 2x/day. Try if possible to stick to the above-listed Maltese diet plan. Though the portions are small, they're ample--and these dogs can become overweight it they constantly overeat. A fat Maltese dog will have numerous health problems and a shortened lifespan. You can help control your dog's weight by establishing consistent feeding schedules (and not feeding a Maltese treats after dinner!), by not feeding table scraps, and by not leaving food in the dog's bowl all the time. It's better to put the bowl down only at mealtimes, then pick it up a few minutes later. If you're worried your Maltese is overweight, give the dog this test: run a hand along its side, and if you can't feel any ribs, it's diet time. Decrease the dog's food consumption by one-fourth, and add an extra walk or play period to its daily exercise schedule.
Recommended Food for Maltese: Though opinions differ over what's the best dog food for a Maltese, the most sensible and popular choice is premium dry food, specifically the kind formulated for extra small/toy breeds. This high-quality food contains ingredients that will sustain the dog's health in the long term. And since these dogs are picky eaters--and they often have dental issues--owners can experiment by adding fresh fruits and vegetables, broth, or water to the dry food to make it more palatable. The best Maltese dog food brands include Royal Canin, Blue Buffalo, Hill's Science Diet, and Wellness.
Living Environment: The Maltese is definitely an indoor breed. These dogs suffer separation anxiety if left alone, so they need to be inside with their people as much as possible. And for the Maltese, apartment life is perfect, because they don't need much space or outdoor exercise. For an owner of a Maltese, weather is an important factor. Because of their thin, single-layered coats, breed members get chilly easily--so they shouldn't spend much time outside in cold temperatures. Owners should also invest in some Maltese jackets for winter! And people living in cold, snowy regions will do better with a different breed.
Note: The information on this Care Sheet is not a substitute for veterinary care.
We at GetAnAnimal Farm hope you enjoy your new fur baby, and we thank you for your purchase. You may want to visit:http://www.peteducation.com/& http://www.vetcoclinics.com/ to help you learn more how to care for your new pet. If you need us, please don’t hesitate to call. We hope your pet brings you much joy and love, and may God bless you!
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